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Memory and Storage Devices

Memory and Storage Devices

Memory and Storage Devices are an important part of the functioning of a computer.

With respect to class 7 Memory and Storage Devices, based on the speed, size of the storage, and cost, it’s divided into hierarchies.

Let us see those hierarchies

 

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 Primary Memory

With respect to class 7 computer lessons, primary Memory is the memory which is directly accessible by the Central Processing Unit (C.P.U).

Primary memory is commonly referred to as “main memory" or simply “memory".

Primary Memory is volatile in nature i.e., they data stored in these are deleted as soon as the computer is turned off.

 

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Secondary Memory

Unlike RAM, Secondary Memory is not volatile i.e., the information stored in the secondary memory is stored for a long period of time.

With respect to class 7 computer lessons, the devices that are used as Secondary Memory are called secondary storage devices.

Secondary Devices are much slower than the Primary Storage Devices.

These are not directly accessible by the C.P.U, to access the secondary memory devices different input/output channels are used.

Below is the example of some of the secondary storage devices.

 

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Tertiary Memory with respect to class 7 Memory and Storage Devices

With respect to class 7 computer lessons, tertiary memory involves a robotic mechanism which will mount and dismount the removable mass storage media according to the system’s demand.

This is slower than both primary memory and secondary memory. This is used to store the least frequently used data.

 

Let us see some examples of tertiary storage devices.

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Characteristics of storage with respect to class 7 Memory and Storage Devices

The storage technologies are differentiated by the following characteristics:

 

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Questions with respect to class 7 computer lessons:

  1. Why is RAM called random access?

Ans: Since, any memory addresses or memory location can be accessed directly. Hence it is called Random Access.

  1. Why RAM is called temporary memory?

Ans: RAM needs electricity to retain the information stored in the memory, once the electric supply is cut off or the computer is switched off the ram loses all the information.

  1. How any information is stored in the memory?

Ans: The information or data is stored in the form of binary numbers i.e. in the form of 0 and 1

Recap with respect to class 7 Memory and Storage Devices

  • Computer memory is categorized into hierarchies as
  1. Primary Memory
  2. Secondary Memory
  3. Tertiary Memory
  • The cost and speed are more in primary memory
  • As we go down the hierarchy the speed and cost decreases but the capacity increases
  • Primary memory is the only memory that can be accessed by the C.P.U.
  • Secondary Storage is used to store information for a long duration of time
  • Tertiary Storage is generally used to a large amount of least frequently used data
  • Tertiary Storage have the slowest speed of accessibility than all other storage devices

Quiz for Memory and Storage Devices

Q.1

In an optical storage device, a _____ reflects the laser light into the sensor and a _______ scatters the light

a) land, pit
b) pit, land
c) land, land
d) pit, pit

Q.2

Which of these is a type of WORM device?

a) CD-R
b) DVD-R
c) CD-ROM
d) CD-R/RW

Q.3

What is the access time for SRAM?

a) 5-20ns
b) 15-20ns
c) 10-15ns
d) 5-15ns

Q.4

What is the capacity of a standard CD?

a) 600MB
b) 700MB
c) 400MB
d) 500MB

Q.5

Identify the image shown below:-

a) Digital Video Disk
b) External Hard Disk
c) Internal Hard Disk
d) Blu-Ray Disk

Q.6

Which of these is an online storage device?

a) Cloud
b) Hollerith Card
c) RAID
d) Flash Card

Q.7

Typically how often is DRAM refreshed?

a) 4-16ms
b) 8-16ms
c) 4-8ms
d) 2-16ms

Q.8

Floppy Disks can have a size of _____ inch and store ______ of data

a)

3.5, 1.44KB

b)

3.5, 1.44MB

c)

5.5, 1.44KB

d)

5.5, 1.44MB

Q.9

Which of these can have a read/write speed of 36MB/s

a) CD
b) DVD
c) Blu-Ray
d) Flash Drive

Q.10

Disk Cartidges have a capacity of

a) 2TB
b) 2GB
c) 2MB
d) 2KB

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