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General Information on Computers

General Information on Computers

History of Computers

The use of computers basically started in the 20th century. Scientists used it for doing mathematical calculations as computers saved their time which was earlier spent in adding numbers.

"Charles Babbage" is popular as "the father of the computer", as he invented the first mechanical computer.

  class 2 general information on computers reading material

 

 

Types of Devices Used in Computer

There are two types of devices used in a computer:

1.Input devices:

The devices that are used to enter or insert data into the computer are known as input devices.

Some of the input devices are:

  • Keyboard: it is used to enter the alphabets, numbers and symbols into the computer.

class 2 general information on computers reading material

  • Scanner: It is used to scan the documents which are then entered into the computer as images.

 

class 2 general information on computers reading material

 There is a special type of input device which is known as 'Pointing device'. It is used to specify a certain position in space Example: joystick, mouse.

 

  class 2 general information on computers reading material

  • Mouse
      
    class 2 general information on computers reading material 

2.Output devices:

The devices that receive data from the computer in order to perform a task are known as output devices.

Some of the output devices are:

  • Monitor: It is used to display the information which has been entered using the input devices.

 

class 2 general information on computers reading material

 

  • Printer: It is used to print the information that has been entered into the computer.

 

  class 2 general information on computers reading material

   How to Start a Computer

There are several ways to start a computer, but the most commonly used method is as follows:

  • Step 1: Plug the computer in a power source.
  • Step 2: Find the power of the computer which is at the CPU of the computer.

 

  class 2 general information on computers reading material

  • Step 3: Press the power button.

How to switch off the computer

Step 1: Click the start button at the bottom left corner on the screen.

  class 2 general information on computers reading material 

 

Step 2: A list will appear. Now click on shut down button on the bottom right corner.

 

   class 2 general information on computers reading material

 

Step 3: If you have left programs or files open, you will get a message like this:

  class 2 general information on computers reading material 

Now you can do two things:

  • Either a click cancels and closes all the programs, and then again follows the above steps.
  • Or click on the force shut down and it will automatically close all the programs. 

Recap

  • Charles Babbage is known as "the father of the computer".
  • Input devices are used to insert data into the computer. Example: keyboard, mouse.
  • Pointing devices are a special type of input device used to specify the position.
  • Output devices are used t receive data from the computer. Example: printer.
  • To start a computer, press the power button the CPU.
  • To switch off a computer, click on the start button on the bottom left corner of the screen and then click on the shutdown button on the bottom right corner of the screen.

Quiz for General Information on Computers

Q.1

Which of the following is first generation of computer?

a) EDSAC
b) IBM-1401
c) CDC-1604
d) ICL-2900

Q.2

If we want to cut all the text, then what should be pressed together?

a) CTRL + A
b) CTRL + V
c) CTRL + X
d) CTRL + Z

Q.3

Most PCs give a single beep on boot up to indicate they are ok hardware wise. You boot your PC and don't get a beep. What should you check first?

a)

RAM

b)

Microprocessor

c)

Hard Disk

d)

Speaker

Q.4

Which language is directly understood by the computer without translation program?

a) Assembly language
b) Machine language
c) High level language
d) None of the given option

Q.5

Where does a computer process the raw information?

a)

CPU

b)

Monitor

c)

Mouse

d)

Keyboard

Q.6

Which computer has been designed to be as compact as possible?

a) Super computer
b) Mainframe
c) Mini
d) Micro computer

Q.7

Identify the device which does not belong to the particular group:

a)
b)
c)
d)

None of these

Q.8

How many Megabyte's are there in 1 Gigabyte?

a) 512 mb
b) 1028 mb
c) 2048 mb
d) 1024 mb

Q.9

To which location our file is stored in a computer?

a)
Recycle Bin
b)
Control Panel
c)
My Computer
d)
Clipboard

Q.10

Which one of the following represents the binary equivalent of the decimal number 25?

a) 11001
b) 11011
c) 10101
d) 1101

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